How to allow transfers with my Windows 10 (with the August 2016 Anniversary update) computer if there is no connection?
Most people don't know that the public setting for your Windows network has severe consequences for your reachability and connectivity in your local network. When public, your Windows computer behaves exactly like you’re on a public connection, like at an airport or hotel Wi-Fi. While this is a welcome feature when you're at these places, it prevents your computer from any communication with other devices in your local network which is not helpful if you are trying to transfer some photos between your mobile and your computer for example. The following steps show you how to change your network type from Public to Private on Windows 10 with the August 2016 Anniversary update.
Open the Windows 10 settings app by pressing the Windows Key + i or open the settings app from the start menu
Click on Network & Internet and then click on the Wi-Fi subcategory. It should show you your actual Wi-Fi connection. Click on the name of your Wi-Fi network to open the connection properties.
In the connection properties make sure that the Make your PC discoverable switch is set to On. When your PC is discoverable, the network is set to Private and it allows communication between devices in the same network. Public networks work like a public hotspot and prevent connections with other devices for security reasons.